The Five Eyes

By Brian Mitchell

Fox News owes Judge Nap some back pay after this! Once again the collection of the information was incidental and the intelligence agencies gave it to the Obama administration which in turn allegedly gave it to many agencies.
Obama’s in trouble too. This is huge and all the while, CNN was trying to take down Page.

CNN confirms:

British and other European intelligence agencies intercepted communications between associates of Donald Trump and Russian officials and other Russian individuals during the campaign and passed on those communications to their US counterparts, US congressional and law enforcement and US and European intelligence sources tell CNN.

The communications were captured during routine surveillance of Russian officials and other Russians known to western intelligence. British and European intelligence agencies, including GCHQ, the British intelligence agency responsible for communications surveillance, were not proactively targeting members of the Trump team but rather picked up these communications during what’s known as “incidental collection,” these sources tell CNN.

The European intelligence agencies detected multiple communications over several months between the Trump associates and Russian individuals — and passed on that intelligence to the US. The US and Britain are part of the so-called “Five Eyes” agreement (along with Canada, Australia and New Zealand), which calls for open sharing among member nations of a broad range of intelligence.

Five Eyes spy pact: Transparency challenge lodged at European rights court

Canada halts intelligence sharing with Five Eyes after ‘accidentally’ sending over Canadians’ data

NSA Not Spying On Canadians, But The ‘Five Eyes’ Are

An exclusive club: The 5 countries that don’t spy on each other, by Margaret Warner, Chief Foreign Correspondent, October 25, 2013
It was born out of American and British intelligence collaboration in World War II, a long-private club nicknamed the “Five Eyes.” The members are five English-speaking countries who share virtually all intelligence — and pledge not to practice their craft on one another. A former top U.S. counter-terrorism official called it “the inner circle of our very closest allies, who don’t need to spy on each other.”

This is the club that German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande say they want to join — or at least, in a similar “no-spying” pact with the U.S. themselves.

It all began with a secret 7-page agreement struck in 1946 between the U.S. and the U.K., the “British-US Communication Agreement,” later renamed UKUSA. At first, their focus was the Soviet Union and its Eastern European satellites. But after Canada joined in 1948, and Australia and New Zealand in 1956, the “Five Eyes” was born, and it had global reach. They pledged to share intelligence — especially the results of electronic surveillance of communications — and not to conduct such surveillance on each other. Whiffs of the club’s existence appeared occasionally in the press, but it wasn’t officially acknowledged and declassified until 2010, when Britain’s General Communications Headquarters, or GCHQ, released some of the founding documents. The benefits of membership are immense, say intelligence experts. While the U.S. has worldwide satellite surveillance abilities, the club benefits from each member’s regional specialty, like Australia and New Zealand’s in the Far East. “We practice intelligence burden sharing,” said one former U.S. official. “We can say, ‘that’s hard for us cover, so can you?’” The ease and rapidity of information-sharing among the five “makes it quicker to connect the dots,” said another intelligence veteran. “You can’t underestimate the importance of the common language, legal system and culture,” said another. “Above all, there is total trust.”

That trust extends to not tapping the phones of one another’s leaders and officials. That’s rooted in the belief that when their leaders talk to one another, they do so in full candor. “There is very little we need to know about these countries and their leadership’s views that the leaders wouldn’t tell us themselves, with all honesty,” said a retired official familiar with the program.

A murkier question is whether they’ve also agreed never to spy on each other’s citizens. U.S. officials say that’s part of the deal. Yet there have been reports in the British press — amplified most recently by former NSA contractor and leaker Edward Snowden — that that’s not the case, that the Five Eyes spy on one another’s citizens and share the information to get around laws preventing agencies from spying on their own citizens. Former CIA deputy director John McLaughlin insisted to me that this isn’t so. “I’ve never heard of that,” he said. “You would think I would know if that were the case.”

But can we say for sure that unlike Merkel, British Prime Minister David Cameron doesn’t have to worry that his cell phone is bugged? Said a longtime spymaster, “Not by us.”

Five Eyes, One Brain – the Spy Alliance is Watching You — There are five separate “eyes” that are linked together, which observe your every moment and personal life 24 hours a day.

“Five Eyes” is the name of the joint intelligence network of five countries, which are the UK, the U.S., Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The beginning of the network dates to the UKUSA, an agreement to share intelligence signed between the UK and the U.S. in March 1946. Founded by the U.S. and the UK, UKUSA was transformed into the “Five Eyes” alliance by including the British Commonwealth members Canada, Australia and New Zealand over the following years. Thus, the foundation for a giant intelligence network which monitors the communication traffic in all continents from five different points and shares this information with the allied countries was laid.

This alliance between five Anglosphere countries is based upon the principles of sharing every kind of intelligence (primarily the signals information called SIGNIT) between each other and a vow to never spy on member countries. This 70-year-old alliance monitors, analyzes and stores the world’s communications today with its built-in global monitoring substructure.

The primary intelligence services of these five countries constitute the essential parts of this monitoring system: the U.S.’s “NSA,” the UK’s “GCHQ,” Canada’s “CSEC,” Australia’s “ASD” and New Zealand’s “GCSB” being the major ones. In addition to this, other numerous subsidiary intelligence services are the most important sources of the “Five Eyes” network.

Among these, for example, there is the RAF (Royal Air Force) of the UK, which is known as the biggest electronic monitoring center in the world. ….


VIA – THE GUARDIAN by Edward Snowden

New Zealand spying on Pacific allies for ‘Five Eyes’ and NSA, Secret papers show NZ spy agency GCSB is collecting calls and internet traffic in bulk and sending it to the US National Security Agency

EXCLUSIVE: GCSB collects phone calls, emails and internet data from NZ’s closest and most vulnerable neighbours, secret papers reveal …….


The UKUSA Community: Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States
The United Kingdom – United States of America Agreement (UKUSA) is a multilateral agreement for cooperation in signals intelligence between Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The alliance of intelligence operations is also known as the Five Eyes. In classification markings this is abbreviated as FVEY, with the individual countries being abbreviated as AUS, CAN, NZL, GBR, and USA, respectively.

Emerging from an informal agreement related to the 1941 Atlantic Charter, the secret treaty was renewed with the passage of the 1943 BRUSA Agreement, before being officially enacted on 5 March 1946 by the United Kingdom and the United States. In the following years, it was extended to encompass Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. Other countries, known as “third parties”, such as West Germany, the Philippines, and several Nordic countries also joined the UKUSA community.

Much of the sharing of information is performed via the ultra-sensitive STONEGHOST network, which has been claimed to contain “some of the Western world’s most closely guarded secrets”. Besides laying down rules for intelligence sharing, the agreement formalized and cemented the “Special Relationship” between the UK and the USA.

Due to its status as a secret treaty, its existence was not known to the Prime Minister of Australia until 1973, and it was not disclosed to the public until 2005. On 25 June 2010, for the first time in history, the full text of the agreement was publicly released by the United Kingdom and the United States, and can now be viewed online. Shortly after its release, the seven-page UKUSA Agreement was recognized by Time magazine as one of the Cold War’s most important documents, with immense historical significance.

The global surveillance disclosure by Edward Snowden has shown that the intelligence-sharing activities between the First World allies of the Cold War are rapidly shifting into the digital realm of the Internet. ………
Wikipedia – UKUSA Agreement

The Five Eyes, often abbreviated as FVEY, is an intelligence alliance comprising Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States. These countries, all Anglophone and ruled by a common law legal system, are bound by the multilateral UKUSA Agreement, a treaty for joint cooperation in signals intelligence.

The origins of the FVEY can be traced back to the post-World War II period, when the Atlantic Charter was issued by the Allies to lay out their goals for a post-war world. During the course of the Cold War, the ECHELON surveillance system was initially developed by the FVEY to monitor the communications of the former Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc, although it is now used to monitor billions of private communications worldwide.

In the late 1990s, the existence of ECHELON was disclosed to the public, triggering a major debate in the European Parliament and, to a lesser extent, the United States Congress. As part of efforts in the ongoing War on Terror since 2001, the FVEY further expanded their surveillance capabilities, with much emphasis placed on monitoring the World Wide Web. The former NSA contractor Edward Snowden described the Five Eyes as a “supra-national intelligence organisation that doesn’t answer to the known laws of its own countries”. Documents leaked by Snowden in 2013 revealed that the FVEY have been spying on one another’s citizens and sharing the collected information with each other in order to circumvent restrictive domestic regulations on surveillance of citizens.

Despite the impact of Snowden’s disclosures, some experts in the intelligence community believe that no amount of global concern or outrage will affect the Five Eyes relationship, which to this day remains one of the most comprehensive known espionage alliances in history. …….

XKeyscore: NSA tool collects ‘nearly everything a user does on the internet’
• XKeyscore gives ‘widest-reaching’ collection of online data
• NSA analysts require no prior authorization for searches
• Sweeps up emails, social media activity and browsing history
• NSA’s XKeyscore program – read one of the presentations
XKeyscore map
One presentation claims the XKeyscore program covers ‘nearly everything a typical user does on the internet’

In 2012, there were at least 41 billion total records collected and stored in XKeyscore for a single 30-day period.

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Chats, browsing history and other internet activity
Beyond emails, the XKeyscore system allows analysts to monitor a virtually unlimited array of other internet activities, including those within social media.

An NSA tool called DNI Presenter used to read the content of stored emails, also enables an analyst using XKeyscore to read the content of Facebook chats or private messages. ….

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An analyst can monitor such Facebook chats by entering the Facebook username and a date range into a simple search screen….

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The names NZ targeted using NSA’s XKeyscore system.

Govt Communications Security Bureau … New Zealand and the Snowden files, Solomon Islands
Why did the GCSB intercept emails to and from Solomon Island officials? …….


SYSTEMS: XKeyscore PRISM ECHELON Carnivore DISHFIRE STONEGHOST Tempora Frenchelon Fairview MYSTIC DCSN Boundless Informant BULLRUN PINWALE Stingray SORM
Agencies, Five Eyes BND DGSE FSB MSS
PEOPLE: Michael S. Rogers Keith Alexander James Bamford James Clapper Duncan Campbell Edward Snowden Russ Tice Barack Obama Julian Assange
PLACES: The Doughnut Fort Meade Menwith Hill Pine Gap Southern Cross Cable Utah Data Center Bad Aibling Station Dagger Complex
LAWS: Five Eyes UKUSA Agreement Lustre U.S. USA Freedom Act FISA amendments EU Data Retention Directive Data Protection Directive
PROPOSED CHANGES: U.S. FISA Improvements Act Other proposals
CONCEPTS: Mass surveillance Culture of fear Secure communication SIGINT Call detail record Surveillance issues in smart cities
RELATED TOPICS: Espionage Intelligence agency Cryptography Tor VPNs Human rights Privacy Liberty Satellites Stop Watching Us

Intelligence porta
Mass surveillance portal

A radome at RAF MENWITH HILL, a site with satellite uplink capabilities believed to be used by ECHELON.
RAF Menwith Hill, North Yorkshire, England

The National Security Agency (NSA) is an intelligence organization of the United States federal government responsible for global monitoring, collection, and processing of information and data for foreign intelligence and counterintelligence purposes, a discipline known as signals intelligence (SIGINT). NSA is concurrently charged with protection of U.S. government communications and information systems against penetration and network warfare.[8][9] Although many of NSA’s programs rely on “passive” electronic collection, the agency is authorized to accomplish its mission through active clandestine means, among which are physically bugging electronic systems and allegedly engaging in sabotage through subversive software. Moreover, NSA maintains physical presence in a large number of countries across the globe, where its Special Collection Service (SCS) inserts eavesdropping devices in difficult-to-reach places. SCS collection tactics allegedly encompass “close surveillance, burglary, wiretapping, breaking and entering”.

Pine Gap ‘Spy base’ Alice Springs: What you never knew about top-secret facility — FROM employing hundreds of Aussies to playing a key role in the US defence missile shield. Pine Gap’s secrets are slowly starting to emerge

PINE GAP, AUSTRALIA — This Google Earth image (below) taken last year reveals the extent of the antenna systems at Pine Gap. Picture: NautilusSource:Supplied
As research and knowledge into the facility grows, we are starting to learn more about what goes on here, including:
Run by both Australia and the United States, its official name is the Joint Defence Facility Pine Gap.
Located about 20km from Alice Springs, the site is considered strategically vital by both the US and Australian governments.
It collects a wide range of signals intelligence as well as providing information on early warning of ballistic missile launches.

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MENWITH HILL, UK …. Menwith Hill
Royal Air Force Menwith Hill or more simply RAF Menwith Hill is a Royal Air Force station near Harrogate, North Yorkshire, England which provides communications and intelligence support services to the United Kingdom and the United States. …..

Part of USAF Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Agency (AFISR), Near Harrogate, North Yorkshire in England …..

Site information

Owner – Ministry of Defence, Operator – Royal Air Force and United States Air Force
Site history: Built – 1954; In use – 1958-Present
Battles/wars Cold War
Garrison information: Garrison 451st Intelligence Squadron

SOUTHERN CROSS – CALIFORNIA …. Southern Cross is a private company providing fast, high capacity dedicated connectivity from Australia, New Zealand, Fiji and Hawaii to the heart of the internet on the US West Coast, via our redundant and diverse fibre-optic submarine cable network.

VIA – EQUINIX — January 18, 2016 — Equinix Data Centers Anchor Southern Cross Cable Network between Australia and North America

New access points provide high-capacity connectivity to one of the longest digital routes in the world

REDWOOD CITY, Calif., Jan. 18, 2016 /PRNewswire/ — Equinix, Inc. (Nasdaq: EQIX), the global interconnection and data center company, today announced the Southern Cross Cable Network has expanded its data center presence and now directly connects between Equinix’s International Business Exchange (IBX®) data centers in Los Angeles (LA1) and Silicon Valley (SV1 and SV8) to its existing deployment in Sydney (SY1). The fiber optic submarine cable provides a high-capacity fiber route between Sydney, Australia and the West Coast of the United States, with up to 100G end-to-end connectivity for increased performance. …

The Utah Data Center, also known as the Intelligence Community Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative Data Center, is a data storage facility for the United States Intelligence Community that is designed to store data estimated to be on the order of exabytes or larger. …..

UTAH DATA CENTER … Part of a series on Global surveillance
DISCLOSURES: Origins Pre-2013 2013–present Reactions
SYSTEMS: XKeyscore PRISM ECHELON Carnivore DISHFIRE STONEGHOST Tempora Frenchelon Fairview MYSTIC DCSN Boundless Informant BULLRUN PINWALE Stingray SORM
PEOPLE: Michael S. Rogers, Keith Alexander, James Bamford, James Clapper, Duncan Campbell, Edward Snowden, Russ Tice, Barack Obama, Julian Assange
PLACES: The Doughnut Fort Meade Menwith Hill Pine Gap Southern Cross Cable Utah Data Center Bad Aibling Station Dagger Complex
LAWS: Five Eyes UKUSA Agreement Lustre U.S. USA Freedom Act FISA amendments EU Data Retention Directive Data Protection Directive
PROPOSED CHANGES: U.S. FISA Improvements Act Other proposals
CONCEPTS: Mass surveillance Culture of fear Secure communication SIGINT Call detail record Surveillance issues in smart cities
RELATED TOPICS: Espionage Intelligence agency Cryptography Tor VPNs Human rights Privacy Liberty Satellites Stop Watching Us

Nothing is Beyond Our Reach…FVEY Alliance..Truth and Cover Up by Merit System Protection Board and Federal Government  a must read

Michael Holt — Federal Government Veterans Administration IT Cybersecurity Whistleblower, Not a Extremist ,Terrorist or Radical
US Army Disabled Veteran Michael L. Holt’s Life Ruined to Cover up America and FEVY Global Spying programs use on all Telecommunications, Satelite’s, Computer Networks, Hardware/Software, Malware, Viruses, IoT’s. global ISP Providers and Cable company’s. “Granted Whistleblower Protection by Honorable Chief Judge Amy V. Dunning in 2011”. winning MSPB Reinstatement only to be terminated again without cause, never allowed to return to work…..


Ally and Target – US Intelligence Watches Germany Closely
German intelligence services cooperate closely with the NSA, but the country is also a target of US surveillance, as a document seen by SPIEGEL makes clear. The spy software XKeyscore is operated from a facility in Hesse, with some of the results landing on President Obama’s desk, By Laura Poitras, Marcel Rosenbach and Holger Stark — The US military compound in Griesheim, near Frankfurt, is secured with a tall wire fence topped with barbed wire. The buildings are relatively modest and surrounded by large areas of green space, which has long led local residents to suspect that many of those working at the facility spend much of their time underground — and that they are engaged in espionage.
The so-called “Dagger Complex” is one of the best-protected sites in the German state of Hesse. Griesheim…

NOTE: GERMANY is not noted in FIVE EYES (United States, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and Canada {NOTE: article above that Canada “halted” its participation, January 2016 – current status ???]) …. but Bad Aibling Station Dagger Complex is one of the Five Eyes/FVEY/Echelon places given.